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Rain Lover
01-17-2012, 11:54 AM
Hi,

Here's a sample form:


<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Sample form</title>
<script type="text/javascript">
function displayResult() {
alert(document.myForm.myInput.value);
}
function getFocus() {
if (document.myForm.myInput.value == document.myForm.myInput.defaultValue) {
document.myForm.myInput.value = "";
}
}
function loseFocus() {
if (document.myForm.myInput.value == "") {
document.myForm.myInput.value = document.myForm.myInput.defaultValue;
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form name="myForm" method="get" onsubmit="return false;" action="">
<input name="myInput" value="Hello world!" onfocus="getFocus();" onblur="loseFocus();"><br>
<input type="button" onclick="displayResult();" value="Display input value">
</form>
</body>
</html>

It works with no problem, but the following doesn't:


<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Sample form</title>
<script type="text/javascript">
var x = document.myForm.myInput;
function displayResult() {
alert(x.value);
}
function getFocus() {
if (x.value == x.defaultValue) {
x.value = "";
}
}
function loseFocus() {
if (x.value == "") {
x.value = x.defaultValue;
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form name="myForm" method="get" onsubmit="return false;" action="">
<input name="myInput" value="Hello world!" onfocus="getFocus();" onblur="loseFocus();"><br>
<input type="button" onclick="displayResult();" value="Display input value">
</form>
</body>
</html>

What's wrong with it and how can I define a global variable to be used by all the functions?

Many thanks in advance!
Mike

jscheuer1
01-17-2012, 11:57 AM
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Sample form</title>
</head>
<body>
<form name="myForm" method="get" onsubmit="return false;" action="">
<input name="myInput" value="Hello world!" onfocus="getFocus();" onblur="loseFocus();"><br>
<input type="button" onclick="displayResult();" value="Display input value">
</form>
<script type="text/javascript">
var x = document.myForm.myInput;
function displayResult() {
alert(x.value);
}
function getFocus() {
if (x.value == x.defaultValue) {
x.value = "";
}
}
function loseFocus() {
if (x.value == "") {
x.value = x.defaultValue;
}
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

Rain Lover
01-17-2012, 05:29 PM
Perfect! I just wonder how you compare putting the whole script before the </body> tag and using an onload event, e.g.

var x;
window.onload = function() {
x = document.myForm.myInput;
}

jscheuer1
01-17-2012, 08:43 PM
It's faster than onload. With such a simple page though, the difference is negligible. However, with an average page with a number of images, it can be significant. Or one with tons of images, scripts and videos, it can take a long time before the onload event fires.